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Proceedings Paper

Model-based coding of facial images based on facial muscle motion through isodensity maps
Author(s): Ikken So; Osamu Nakamura; Toshi Minami
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Paper Abstract

A model-based coding system has come under serious consideration for the next generation of image coding schemes, aimed at greater efficiency in TV telephone and TV conference systems. In this model-based coding system, the sender's model image is transmitted and stored at the receiving side before the start of the conversation. During the conversation, feature points are extracted from the facial image of the sender and are transmitted to the receiver. The facial expression of the sender facial is reconstructed from the feature points received and a wireframed model constructed at the receiving side. However, the conventional methods have the following problems: (1) Extreme changes of the gray level, such as in wrinkles caused by change of expression, cannot be reconstructed at the receiving side. (2) Extraction of stable feature points from facial images with irregular features such as spectacles or facial hair is very difficult. To cope with the first problem, a new algorithm based on isodensity lines which can represent detailed changes in expression by density correction has already been proposed and good results obtained. As for the second problem, we propose in this paper a new algorithm to reconstruct facial images by transmitting other feature points extracted from isodensity maps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 1991
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1605, Visual Communications and Image Processing '91: Visual Communication, (1 November 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.50290
Show Author Affiliations
Ikken So, Kogakuin Univ. (Japan)
Osamu Nakamura, Kogakuin Univ. (Japan)
Toshi Minami, Kogakuin Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1605:
Visual Communications and Image Processing '91: Visual Communication
Kou-Hu Tzou; Toshio Koga, Editor(s)

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