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Proceedings Paper

Multifractal heart rate dynamics in human cardiovascular model
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Paper Abstract

Human cardiovascular and/or cardio-respiratory systems are shown to exhibit both multifractal and synchronous dynamics, and we recently developed a nonlinear, physiologically plausible model for the synchronization between heartbeat and respiration (Kotani, et al. Phys. Rev. E 65: 051923, 2002). By using the same model, we now show the multifractality in the heart rate dynamics. We find that beat-to-beat monofractal noise (fractional Brownian motion) added to the brain stem cardiovascular areas results in significantly broader singularity spectra for heart rate through interactions between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. We conclude that the model proposed here would be useful in studying the complex cardiovascular and/or cardio- respiratory dynamics in humans.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5110, Fluctuations and Noise in Biological, Biophysical, and Biomedical Systems, (30 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.500247
Show Author Affiliations
Kiyoshi Kotani, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Kiyoshi Takamasu, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Leonid Safonov, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Corp. (Japan)
Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Corp. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5110:
Fluctuations and Noise in Biological, Biophysical, and Biomedical Systems
Sergey M. Bezrukov; Hans Frauenfelder; Frank Moss, Editor(s)

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