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Proceedings Paper

MOS-based nanocapacitor using C-AFM
Author(s): Daniel Hill; Sascha Sadewasser; Xavier Aymerich
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Paper Abstract

This report details the attempts made to realise nanocapacitors for nanoscale MOS based integrated circuits by AFM anodic oxidation, and therefore isolation, of nano-sized squares of poly-silicon, titanium and aluminium on Si/SiO2. Conductive AFM (C-AFM) was used to perform topographical and electrical characterisation. The experiments were performed with contact mode C-AFM, in ambient air, using Pt-Ir, Co-Cr and Ti coated (20nm) n-type silicon cantilevers. Each sample consisted of a 3-5nm thick conductor deposited on 6nm of SiO2, which was thermally grown on Phosphorus doped (1019 cm-3) n-type Si(100) substrates. Standard cleaning and passivation processes were used. Poly-silicon was immediately found to be too rough to oxidise. Initial current-voltage measurements inside of the titanium-oxide squares suggest initial isolation followed by degradation through Fowler-Nordheim tunnelling. Measurement inconsistencies seen suggest charge storage on the surface or tip with the barrier height of the native titanium oxide thought to be responsible. Al has a thicker natural oxide. To overcome this we designed a series of structures consisting of a Ti finger on SiO2, that is connected to a Ti bond pad, allowing direct probing by a semiconductor parameter analyser. AFM anodic oxidation was performed upon these Ti fingers to reduce their in-plane dimensions towards the nanoscale. To confirm the existence of a nanocapacitor topographical and electrical measurements were then done on and around them.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5118, Nanotechnology, (29 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.498556
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel Hill, SigmaPlus (France)
Sascha Sadewasser, Hahn-Meitner-Institut (Germany)
Xavier Aymerich, Univ. Autonoma de Barcelona (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5118:
Robert Vajtai; Xavier Aymerich; Laszlo B. Kish; Angel Rubio, Editor(s)

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