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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive multimodal biometric fusion algorithm using particle swarm
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Paper Abstract

This paper introduces a new algorithm called “Adaptive Multimodal Biometric Fusion Algorithm”(AMBF), which is a combination of Bayesian decision fusion and particle swarm optimization. A Bayesian framework is implemented to fuse decisions received from multiple biometric sensors. The system’s accuracy improves for a subset of decision fusion rules. The optimal rule is a function of the error cost and a priori probability of an intruder. This Bayesian framework formalizes the design of a system that can adaptively increase or reduce the security level. Particle swarm optimization searches the decision and sensor operating points (i.e. thresholds) space to achieve the desired security level. The optimization function aims to minimize the error in a Bayesian decision fusion. The particle swarm optimization algorithm results in the fusion rule and the operating points of sensors at which the system can work. This algorithm is important to systems designed with varying security needs and user access requirements. The adaptive algorithm is found to achieve desired security level and switch between different rules and sensor operating points for varying needs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5099, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2003, (1 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.498270
Show Author Affiliations
Kalyan K. Veeramachaneni, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Lisa Ann Osadciw, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Pramod K. Varshney, Syracuse Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5099:
Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2003
Belur V. Dasarathy, Editor(s)

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