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Proceedings Paper

Signal enhancement in noise- and clutter-corrupted images using adaptive predictive filtering techniques
Author(s): Tarun Soni; James R. Zeidler; Bhaskar D. Rao; Walter H. Ku
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Paper Abstract

The recovery of an original image from its corrupted version is of importance in a number of applications. The detection of small and dim targets is one such problem, requiring the enhancement of target signals and suppression of noise and clutter in the image. Conventional methods like matched filtering require a priori knowledge of the target intensity spread function, the clutter correlation characteristics, etc. These techniques are difficult to implement if the image is nonstationary. This paper describes an adaptive clutter whitening technique which increases signal detectability in colored noise and clutter. Signal enhancement is based on the intrinsic differences in the spatial extent of the target relative to the clutter. An adaptive spatial filter is used to whiten the clutter present in the image. The output of such an adaptive spatial filter, termed the adaptive clutter whitener (ACW), is then passed on to a matched filter based detector. The receiver operating characteristics are found using Monte- Carlo simulation techniques, both for the ACW augmented matched filter detector and a conventional matched filter detector. It is seen that for highly correlated clutter, the ACW augmented detector has a better ROC than one without a prewhitening filter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1991
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1565, Adaptive Signal Processing, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.49789
Show Author Affiliations
Tarun Soni, Univ. of California/San Diego (United States)
James R. Zeidler, Univ. of California/San Diego and U.S. Naval Ocean Systems C (United States)
Bhaskar D. Rao, Univ. of California/San Diego (United States)
Walter H. Ku, Univ. of California/San Diego (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1565:
Adaptive Signal Processing
Simon Haykin, Editor(s)

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