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Proceedings Paper

Matched-filter algorithm for subpixel spectral detection in hyperspectral image data
Author(s): Howard C. Borough
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Paper Abstract

Hyperspectral imagery, spatial imagery with associated wavelength data for every pixel, offers a significant potential for improved detection and identification of certain classes of targets. The ability to make spectral identifications of objects which only partially fill a single pixel (due to range or small size) is of considerable interest. Multiband imagery such as Landsat's 5 and 7 band imagery has demonstrated significant utility in the past. Hyperspectral imaging systems with hundreds of spectral bands offer improved performance. To explore the application of different sub pixel spectral detection algorithms a synthesized set of hyperspectral image data (hypercubes) was generated utilizing NASA earth resources and other spectral data. The data was modified using LOWTRAN 7 to model the illumination, atmospheric contributions, attenuations and viewing geometry to represent a nadir view from 10,000 ft. altitude. The base hypercube (HC) represented 16 by 21 spatial pixels with 101 wavelength samples from 0.5 to 2.5 micrometers for each pixel. Insertions were made into the base data to provide random location, random pixel percentage, and random material. Fifteen different hypercubes were generated for blind testing of candidate algorithms. An algorithm utilizing a matched filter in the spectral dimension proved surprisingly good yielding 100% detections for pixels filled greater than 40% with a standard camouflage paint, and a 50% probability of detection for pixels filled 20% with the paint, with no false alarms. The false alarm rate as a function of the number of spectral bands in the range from 101 to 12 bands was measured and found to increase from zero to 50% illustrating the value of a large number of spectral bands. This test was on imagery without system noise; the next step is to incorporate typical system noise sources.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 1991
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1541, Infrared Sensors: Detectors, Electronics, and Signal Processing, (1 November 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.49334
Show Author Affiliations
Howard C. Borough, Boeing Defense and Space Group (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1541:
Infrared Sensors: Detectors, Electronics, and Signal Processing
T. S. Jay Jayadev, Editor(s)

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