Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Laser range-gated underwater imaging including polarization discrimination
Author(s): Barry A. Swartz; James D. Cummings
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

A range-gated underwater imaging system is described that utilizes a frequency doubled, Q- switched Nd:YAG 30 Hz laser source for illumination and a fast-gated microchannel plate intensified CCD array camera for detection. Laser pulse widths of 7 ns are timed relative to comparable camera gates with subnanosecond jitter. Results for a test bed system obtained in a 4 X 4 X 40 ft water tank with various targets are presented. Water quality was varied with the addition of progressive concentrations of Maalox as scattering agent, and monitored with a home-built laser transmissometer. The 1/4 in., high contrast target lines were able to be resolved at ranges exceeding four attenuation lengths. A simple analytical model for image signal-to-noise ratios is presented and a straightforward polarization discrimination scheme suggested for contrast enhancement. Polarization optics were incorporated into the range-gated test bed system and results obtained for targets of varying characteristic depolarization. In all but a few cases where target and background depolarizations were similar, the signal to noise is enhanced in spite of rejection of orthogonal polarization signal. Issues regarding the evolution of the test bed system to field operation are discussed and significant progress in the development of appropriate miniaturized and ruggedized components is presented

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1991
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 1537, Underwater Imaging, Photography, and Visibility, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.49256
Show Author Affiliations
Barry A. Swartz, SPARTA Laser Systems Lab. (United States)
James D. Cummings, Applied Remote Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1537:
Underwater Imaging, Photography, and Visibility
Richard W. Spinrad, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top