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Proceedings Paper

Compact nonimaging lens with totally internally reflecting facets
Author(s): William A. Parkyn; David G. Pelka
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Paper Abstract

A compact non-imaging lens is described and analyzed: the Totally Internally Reflecting (TIR) lens. It constitutes a major class of optical devices distinct from reflectors and Fresnel lenses. It is a transmissive device that redirects light passing through it via the action of a multiplicity of prismatic facets basically acting as annular Harting-Dove prisms that rotationally `wash-out' image structure. They can achieve much larger bend angles (well over 90 degree(s)) than those of the refraction-only facets of Fresnel lenses. As a consequence, TIR lenses are extremely compact, typically having a thickness about one fifth their diameter. This paper discusses their applications as collimators for small light sources (LEDs and HID lamps), injectors for fiber- optic illumination systems, and solar concentrators, and how close their performance comes to the ideal thermodynamic limit.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 1991
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1528, Nonimaging Optics: Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer, (24 October 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.49131
Show Author Affiliations
William A. Parkyn, Physical Optics Corp. (United States)
David G. Pelka, Physical Optics Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1528:
Nonimaging Optics: Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer
Roland Winston; Robert L. Holman, Editor(s)

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