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Proceedings Paper

Passive detection of buried structures using elastic waves
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Paper Abstract

An investigation of the feasibility of detecting structures buried underground through passive listening techniques will be presented. Passive detection of structures will be analyzed using elastic wave sources originating inside the structure and from sources exterior to the structure and on the surface. The primary method of investigation will be numerical models using the finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD). A source inside the structure excites elastic waves in the structure, a portion of which travel upward along the walls of the structure and onward to the surface. An alternate form of excitation is a source such as a train, large vehicle, or an explosion located on the surface, away from the structure. Waves from this source interact with the structure and a portion of them travel up from the structure to the surface. An array of sensors is constructed to map the field at the surface and to determine the location and basic characteristics of the structure. Generally, structures examined will be on the order of the size of an underground tunnel complex or buried room and elastic wave sources will be in the low frequency range of large machinery or vehicles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2003
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5090, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V, (18 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487318
Show Author Affiliations
Pelham D. Norville, Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)
Waymond R. Scott, Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5090:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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