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Proceedings Paper

In-situ observation of dynamics of plasma formation and refractive index modification in silica glasses excited by a femtosecond laser
Author(s): Sung-Hak Cho; Hiroshi Kumagai; Katsumi Midorikawa
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Paper Abstract

Time-resolved dynamics of plasma formation and bulk refractive index modification in silica glasses excited by a tightly focused femtosecond (110 fs) Ti:sapphire laser (λp=800 nm) was first observed in situ. The newly proposed pump-probe measurement with perpendicularly linear polarized beams was used to study the dynamic of both plasma formation and induced refractive index bulk modification. The energy variation of transmitted probe beam with time delay, which propagates through the induced plasma is measured. At the pre-breakdown domain, the lifetime of induced plasma formation is ~15 ps and structural transition time for forming the refractive index change is ~10 ps. At the breakdown domain, however, the lifetime of induced plasma formation is ~35 ps and structural transition time for forming the optical damage is ~35 ps. We found that the process of refractive index bulk modification is significantly different from that of optical damage. According to the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopic measurement, it was found that the defect concentration of SiE’ center increased significantly in the modified region in related to that of the region without modification. From the diffraction efficiency of Kogelnik’s coupled mode theory, the maximum value of refractive index change (Δn) was estimated to be 1.1×10-2. By the scanning of silica glass on the optical X-Y-Z stages, the fabrication of the internal grating with refractive index modification was demonstrated in silica glass using tightly focused femtosecond laser. The experimental results will be helpful to understand the physical mechanism of the plasma and structural transformation induced by tightly focused high-intensity femtosecond lasers in transparent materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4830, Third International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (19 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.486546
Show Author Affiliations
Sung-Hak Cho, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) (Japan)
Hiroshi Kumagai, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) (Japan)
Katsumi Midorikawa, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4830:
Third International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication

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