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Proceedings Paper

Micropackaging technologies for integrated microsystems: applications to MEMS and MOEMS
Author(s): Khalil Najafi
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Paper Abstract

Although MEMS technologies and device structures have made significant progress in the past three decades and have found widespread application in many areas, including Micro-Opto-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MOEMS), packaging and assembly techniques suitable for many of these emerging applications have not kept pace. Packaging is one of the most costly parts of microsystem manufacturing, and it is also often the first to fail or negatively influence the system response. This paper addresses the packaging and assembly challenges of microsystems and MEMS for different applications. Hermetic and vacuum micropackaging, wafer-level packaging and bonding, and miniature sealed interconnection and feedthrough technologies will be reviewed. Results from long-term accelerated testing, and from in-situ tests, especially in biological hosts, will also be discussed. Issues and challenges facing packaging of MOEMS will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 January 2003
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 4979, Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology VIII, (15 January 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.484953
Show Author Affiliations
Khalil Najafi, Univ. of Michigan (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4979:
Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology VIII
John A. Yasaitis; Mary Ann Perez-Maher; Jean Michel Karam, Editor(s)

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