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Proceedings Paper

Modeling of a dielectric elastomer diaphragm for a prosthetic blood pump
Author(s): Nakhiah Goulbourne; Mary I. Frecker; Eric Michael Mockensturm; Alan J. Snyder
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Paper Abstract

The electromechanical behavior of dielectric elastomers is to be exploited for medical application in artificial blood pumps. It is required that the pump diaphragm achieves a swept volume increase of 70 cc into a systolic pressure of 120 mmHg with the main design objective being volumetric efficiency. As such, a model that accommodates large deformation behavior is used. In order to design prosthetic blood pumps that closely mimic the natural pumping chambers of the heart, a dielectric elastomer diaphragm design is proposed. The elastomer's change in shape in response to the applied electric field will permit it to be the active element of the pump just as the ventricular walls are in the natural heart. A comprehensive analytical model that accounts for the combined elastic and dielectric behavior of the membrane is used to compute the stresses and deformations of the inflated membrane. Dielectric elastomers are often pre-strained in order to obtain optimal electromechanical performance. The resulting model incorporates pre-strain and shows how system parameters such as pre-strain, pressure, electric field, and edge constraints affect membrane deformation. The model predicts more than adequate volume displacement for moderate pre-strain of the elastomer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2003
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5051, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD), (28 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.484388
Show Author Affiliations
Nakhiah Goulbourne, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Mary I. Frecker, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Eric Michael Mockensturm, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Alan J. Snyder, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5051:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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