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Proceedings Paper

Efficient interpretation algorithm for embedded Bragg gratings for damage detection in composites
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Paper Abstract

The goal of a structural health monitoring system is to detect, locate, and identify damages in a structure during its lifetime. The concept of structural health monitoring is particularly important for fiber reinforced composites due to the complexity of the possible failure mechanisms. The goal of this work is to simulate the response of optical fiber Bragg grating sensors to multi-component loading for their implementation in structural health monitoring algorithms for composites. A simulation method is presented to determine the effects of axial, bending and shear loading on an embedded optical fiber Bragg grating sensor. The effect of fiber bending on the Bragg grating sensor is experimentally verified by embedding the sensor in a solid cone, clamped at the base and subjected to a point load at the apex. Next, a numerically efficient method to calculate the response of sensors embedded in a unidirectional composite is developed using both finite element analysis and optimal shear-lag theory and taking into account the above effects. The limitations of the optimal shear-lag theory are derived through comparison with the finite element results. The application of this method is demonstrated through a numerical example, simulating the response of sensors embedded in one fiber layer to a transverse crack.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 July 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5050, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Sensor Technology and Measurement Systems, (22 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.484223
Show Author Affiliations
Mohanraj Prabhugoud, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
Kara J. Peters, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5050:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Sensor Technology and Measurement Systems
Daniele Inaudi; Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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