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Proceedings Paper

Development of a microfabricated scanning endoscope using SU-8-based optical waveguide
Author(s): Wei-Chih Wang; Reynold R. Panergo; Per G. Reinhall
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Paper Abstract

Flexible medical endoscopes currently used in medicine have many problems and a fundamental tradeoffs. Either resolution or field of view is sacrificed when the scope diameter is less than 3mm, since the minimum pixel size is usually at least 4 microns in a pixel-array such as a camera or fiber bundle. Previous work has shown the design of a micromachined cantilever beam able to realize a 100μm wide, one dimension scanning pattern. First mode resonances of the cantilever scanner are found between 16-52 kHz with response amplitudes ranging from 62.5 to 420 μm. Since cantilever waveguides with resonant frequencies above 20 kHz are potentially suitable for video rate scanning, these devices may be used for image acquisition and display. Described in this work is an alternative method of design for a micro-optical scanning endoscope. The endoscope consists of an optical waveguide microfabricated using SU-8 photoresist. SU-8 is a high contrast, negative tone, chemically amplified, epoxy based photoresist chosen for its high aspect ratio (~15:1) for imaging near vertical sidewalls. With the use of SU-8, we were able to fabricate a much larger waveguide (~85 μm) as compared to the previous silicon oxide method (~3 μm) An overall larger device makes coupling a fiber into the waveguide much easier and increases the amount of light coupled into the cantilever beams. The neagactively toned epoxy resin based SU-8 also increases the device durability and simplifies the fabrication process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5047, Smart Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems II, (1 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.483973

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5047:
Smart Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems II
Tribikram Kundu, Editor(s)

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