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Proceedings Paper

Design and testing of piezoelectric-hydraulic actuators
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes design methodologies for construction of an actuator that uses smart materials to provide hydraulic fluid power. In the class of actuators described, hydraulic fluid decouples the operating frequency of the output cylinder from the drive frequency of the piezoelectric or other smart material. This decoupling allows the piezoelectric to be driven at high frequency, to extract the maximum amount of energy from the material, and the hydraulic cylinder to be driven at low frequencies to provide long stroke. However, due to fluid compressibility and structural compliance, the fundamental impedance match between the fluid and the piezoelectric make it difficult to convert energy from the piezoelectric into pressurized hydraulic fluid flow. The basic design tradeoffs and major technical issues are discussed in the areas of materials, mechanical design, and fluid-mechanical interface. Prototype devices and component measurements are presented. Test methods are described, and test results quantifying pump pressure and flow, and actuator force and velocity are summarized. The series of tests show the potential of these devices for high force long stroke devices powered by smart materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 August 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5054, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies, (14 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.483888
Show Author Affiliations
Jason E. Lindler, CSA Engineering, Inc. (United States)
Eric H. Anderson, CSA Engineering, Inc. (United States)
Mark E. Regelbrugge, Rhombus Consultants Group (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5054:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies
Eric H. Anderson, Editor(s)

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