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Proceedings Paper

Segmentation of three-dimensional images using non-rigid registration: methods and validation with application to confocal microscopy images of bee brains
Author(s): Torsten Rohlfing; Robert Brandt; Randolf Menzel; Calvin R. Maurer
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes the application and validation of automatic segmentation of three-dimensional images by non-rigid registration to atlas images. The registration-based segmentation technique is applied to confocal microscopy images acquired from the brains of 20 bees. Each microscopy image is registered to an already segmented reference atlas image using an intensity-based non-rigid image registration algorithm. This paper evaluates and compares four different approaches: registration to an individual atlas image (IND), registration to an average shape atlas image (AVG), registration to the most similar image from a database of individual atlas images (SIM), and registration to all images from a database of individual atlas images with subsequent fuzzy segmentation (FUZ). For each strategy, the segmentation performance of the algorithm was quantified using both a global segmentation correctness measure and the similarity index. Manual segmentation of all microscopy images served as a gold standard. The best segmentation result (median correctness 91 percent of all voxels) was achieved using the FUZ paradigm. Robustness was also the best for this strategy (minimum correctness over all individuals 84 percent). The mean similarity index value of segmentations produced by the FUZ paradigm is 0.86 (IND, 0.81; AVG, 0.84; SIM, 0.82). The superiority of the FUZ paradigm is statistically significant (two-sided paired t-test, P<0.001).

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5032, Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing, (15 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.483558
Show Author Affiliations
Torsten Rohlfing, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Robert Brandt, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)
Randolf Menzel, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)
Calvin R. Maurer, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5032:
Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing
Milan Sonka; J. Michael Fitzpatrick, Editor(s)

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