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Proceedings Paper

Correction for partial volume effects in brain perfusion ECT imaging
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Paper Abstract

The accurate quantification of brain perfusion for emission computed tomography data (PET-SPECT) is limited by partial volume effects (PVE). This study presents a new approach to estimate accurately the true tissue tracer activity within the grey matter tissue compartment. The methodology is based on the availability of additional anatomical side information and on the assumption that activity concentration within the white matter tissue compartment is constant. Starting from an initial estimate for the white matter grey matter activity, the true tracer activity within the grey matter tissue compartment is estimated by an alternating ML-EM-algorithm. During the updating step the constant activity concentration within the white matter compartment is modelled in the forward projection in order to reconstruct the true activity distribution within the grey matter tissue compartment, hence reducing partial volume averaging. Consequently the estimate for the constant activity in the white matter tissue compartment is updated based on the new estimated activity distribution in the grey matter tissue compartment. We have tested this methodology by means of computer simulations. A T1-weighted MR brainscan of a patient was segmented into white matter, grey matter and cerebrospinal fluid, using the segmentation package of the SPM-software (Statistical Parametric Mapping). The segmented grey and white matter were used to simulate a SPECT acquisition, modelling the noise and the distance dependant detector response. Scatter and attenuation were ignored. Following the above described strategy, simulations have shown it is possible to reconstruct the true activity distribution for the grey matter tissue compartment (activity/tissue volume), assuming constant activity in the white matter tissue compartment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5032, Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing, (15 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.481885
Show Author Affiliations
Michel Koole, Ghent Univ. (Belgium)
Steven Staelens, Ghent Univ. (Belgium)
Rik Van de Walle, Ghent Univ. (Belgium)
Ignace L. Lemahieu, Ghent Univ. (Belgium)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5032:
Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing
Milan Sonka; J. Michael Fitzpatrick, Editor(s)

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