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Proceedings Paper

Wavefront control of microwaves with a conductive mesostructure: theory
Author(s): Mark P. J. L. Chang
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Paper Abstract

The initial theory for a novel type of wavefront controller for microwaves is described. This controller is based on the principle that the effective refractive index of a structure is a square root product between the permittivity and permeability of a material, n^2 = (epsilon mu). With high conductivity metals, such as silver, light acquires an effective mass so that the longitudinal mode has a finite frequency known as the plasma frequency. Below that frequency the dielectric function is negative, allowing no modes in the bulk of the metal. This is responsible for the amazing and unique properties of structured metals. One may, by extension of scale, design a metallic structure whose effective epsilon is negative, for wavelengths longer than the structure's unit cell. Such structures have been suggested recently by Pendry et al. The symmetry of Maxwell's equations implies that magnetic structures can be engineered from non-magnetic materials, so that an effective mu is produced down to negative values. An example of such a structure is investigated here in detail. I also discuss how the electric and magnetic structures are combined to produced a controllable refractive index over the unit cell, implying that we can construct wavefront controllers from conductive mesostructures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4926, Adaptive Optics and Applications II, (5 September 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.481699
Show Author Affiliations
Mark P. J. L. Chang, Univ. of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4926:
Adaptive Optics and Applications II
Wenhan Jiang; Robert K. Tyson, Editor(s)

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