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Proceedings Paper

Effects of organic gas on third-order optical susceptibility and morphology of vanadyl-phthlocyanine thin films prepared on polyimide substrate
Author(s): Yong Long Jin; Qin Jiang; G. Sawa; Yoshiyuki Uchida; Kenzou Kojima; Asao Ohashi; Shizuyasu Ochiai; Teruyoshi Mizutani
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Paper Abstract

Vanadyl-phthlocyanine (VOPc) thin films were prepared by a molecular beam epitaxy on a polyimide (PI) substrate at 150°C, and then they were exposed to dichloroethane vapor for 25 hours. Their morphologies were investigated with Vis/UV spectra and the surface images observed by an atomic force microscope (AFM). The Vis/UV spectrum of VOPc thin film before the organic gas treatment has a broad absorption shoulder between 640 and 740nm and an absorption peak at 840nm in the Q band region. It has been known so far that VOPc thin film has Phase I ,II and III. Phase I has two absorption peaks at 680 and 740nm. Phase II and Phase III are characterized with absorption peaks at 820 and 830nm, respectively. Therefore, the morphology having an absorption peak at 840nm is different from that of Phase 111 . The Vis/UV spectrum of VOPc thin film after the organic gas treatment has a broad absorption shoulder between 640 and 740nm and an absorption peak at 830nm in the Q band region. The absorption peak at 840nm shifts to 830nm by the organic gas treatment. This means that the phase morphology of VOPc thin film changes into Phase III during the gas treatment. On the other hand, VOPc molecules deposited on P1 substrate before the organic gas treatment form needle crystals. This indicates that VOPc molecules deposited on P1 substrate are perpendicular to PI substrate. The surface image of VOPc thin film after the gas treatment is smooth. This suggests that VOPc molecules are parallel to PI substrate. The third-order optical susceptibilities after and before the gas treatment are 3.75x10-9 and 3.25x10-9 esu, respectively. The molecular orientation of VOPc thin film is improved during the organic gas treatment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 August 2002
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4905, Materials and Devices for Optical and Wireless Communications, (29 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.481036
Show Author Affiliations
Yong Long Jin, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Qin Jiang, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
G. Sawa, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Yoshiyuki Uchida, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Kenzou Kojima, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Asao Ohashi, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Shizuyasu Ochiai, Aichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Teruyoshi Mizutani, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4905:
Materials and Devices for Optical and Wireless Communications
Constance J. Chang-Hasnain; YuXing Xia; Kenichi Iga, Editor(s)

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