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Proceedings Paper

Breathing synchronized assessment of the chest hemodynamics: application to gamma and MR angiography
Author(s): Bernard Eclancher; Jean-Louis Demangeat; Philippe Germain; Joseph Baruthio
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Paper Abstract

The project was to assess by gamma and MR angiography the bulk variations of chest blood volume related to deep and slow breathing movements. The acquisitions were performed at constant intervals on the widely moving system, without cardiac gating. Two fast enough modalities were used: a gamma-stethoscope working at 30 msec intervals for bulk volumic detection (of 99Tc labelled red cells), and MR imaging at 0.5 sec intervals well depicting displacements but not yet performing true angiography. The third modality yielding quantitative imaging was the scintillation gamma camera, but which required 30 sec signal acquisitions for each image. Frames were acquired at 1 sec intervals for up to 30 breathing cycles, and later sorted with double (inspiration and expiration) synchronization for the reconstruction of an average breathing cycle. Convergent results were obtained from the three angiographic modalities, confirming that the deep breathing movements produced inspiratory increases in bulk blood volume and caudal-median displacement of heart and great vessels, and expiratory decreases in blood volume and cranial-left displacement of heart and great vessels. Deep and slow breathing contributed effectively to thoracic blood pumping. The design of a 64x64 channels collimator has been undertaken to speed up the scintillation camera imaging acquisitions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5031, Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications, (2 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.480434
Show Author Affiliations
Bernard Eclancher, Institut de Physique Biologique-CNRS (France)
Jean-Louis Demangeat, Regional Hospital, Haguenau (France)
Philippe Germain, Univ. Hospital, Strasbourg (France)
Joseph Baruthio, Institut de Physique Biologique-CNRS (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5031:
Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications
Anne V. Clough; Amir A. Amini, Editor(s)

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