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Proceedings Paper

Spectral analysis of light emitted during the oxidation of lipids and proteins
Author(s): Julio F. Turrens; Eric Robinson; Scott Freeman; Benedict F. George
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Paper Abstract

Oxidative stress is associated with a variety of pathological processes of clinical relevance. Some of the intermediates generated during the chain reactions associated with oxidation of lipids and proteins are electronically excited and decay emitting photons, which may be detected with the help of sensitive photomultipliers. This technique has been used to monitor oxidative stress in a variety of scenarios including intact organs in vivo or in vitro, and simple models such as proteins and lipids exposed to oxidants. The main drawback of this technique is that the emission of light is extremely weak and it is subjected to substantial interference from spurious sources. In addition, the quantum efficiency of photomultipliers varies with wavelength making it even more difficult to collect reliable data using photomultipliers sensitive to relatively broad spectral ranges. In order to identify the peak emission wavelengths in the visible region, we exposed model systems (proteins, lipids and amino acids) to peroxynitrite and sources of hydroxyl and alcoxyl radicals, analyzing the emission of light with interference filters. The results indicate that the peak emission for most biological models occurs between 450 and 700 nm. The emission at higher wavelengths (lower energy levels) was observed mostly in the presence of less powerful oxidants such as tert-butyl hydroperoxide.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2003
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5031, Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications, (2 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.480409
Show Author Affiliations
Julio F. Turrens, Univ. of South Alabama (United States)
Eric Robinson, Univ. of South Alabama (United States)
Scott Freeman, Univ. of South Alabama (United States)
Benedict F. George, Univ. of South Alabama (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5031:
Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications
Anne V. Clough; Amir A. Amini, Editor(s)

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