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Proceedings Paper

Physical human lumen carotid reconstruction: life-size models by rapid prototyping
Author(s): Piero Pili; Fabrizio Murgia; Gabriella Pusceddu; Gregorio Franzoni; Massimiliano Tuveri
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Paper Abstract

Rapid Prototyping (RP) is a technique used in industry for manufacturing prototypes. Its capability to physically reproduce geometrical complex shapes is getting increasing interest in many fields of medicine. In the field of vascular surgery, replicas of artery lumen have utility in complex cases or when standard imaging is felt to be equivocal. Replicas can also facilitate experimental studies of computational vascular fluid-dynamics permitting in-vitro reproductions of blood flow in living subjects before and after surgery. The VIrtual VAscular (VIVA) project at CRS4, developed a system able to process three-dimensional (3D) datasets extracted from a Computer Tomography (CT) apparatus, visualize them, reconstruct the geometry of arteries of specific patients, and simulate blood flow in them. In this paper, the applicability of RP techniques to VIVA's real size replicas of an autoptic carotid vessel lumen is presented and an overview of the RP based system developed is provided. The techniques used in our prototype are discussed and experimental results for the creation of a human carotid lumen replica are analyzed. We discuss in detail the pipeline of manufacturing process: 3D geometric reconstruction from segmented points, geometry tessellation, STL (Stereo Lithography format) conversion. Moreover we illustrate some technical details of the specific RP technique used to build the lumen replicas, which is called Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM), the materials used for prototypes, throughput time and costs of the FDM models realized. The system is totally based on open-source software. This enables us to control each step of the pipeline, from data acquisition to STL export file. In this context, we present main sources of error encountered during all manufacturing process stages.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5031, Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications, (2 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.480406
Show Author Affiliations
Piero Pili, Ctr. di Ricerca, Sviluppo e Studi Superiori in Sardegna (Italy)
Fabrizio Murgia, Ctr. di Ricerca, Sviluppo e Studi Superiori in Sardegna (Italy)
Gabriella Pusceddu, Ctr. di Ricerca, Sviluppo e Studi Superiori in Sardegna (Italy)
Gregorio Franzoni, Ctr. di Ricerca, Sviluppo e Studi Superiori in Sardegna (Italy)
Massimiliano Tuveri, Ospedale Sant'Elena (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5031:
Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications
Anne V. Clough; Amir A. Amini, Editor(s)

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