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Proceedings Paper

Retrieval of cardiac phase from IVUS sequences
Author(s): Hui Zhu; Kevin D. Oakeson; Morton H. Friedman
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Paper Abstract

Most of the quantitative measures from Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS) images vary with the cardiac cycle. Although ECG-gated acquisition can prevent the pulsations from influencing the measurements, it may extend the acquisition time, and furthermore, very few IVUS systems currently in clinical use incorporate ECG-gated function. In this paper, we present a practical method to retrieve cardiac phase information directly from in vivo clinical IVUS image sequences. In an IVUS image that contains a cross-section of coronary artery, there are three regions annularly distributed from the center of the image - catheter, lumen, and part of the vessel wall. The catheter region exhibits virtually no change from frame to frame during the catheter pullback. While the lumen is a dark region, the vessel wall region appears bright. The change in lumen size and position that accompanies the pulse causes the image intensity of the IVUS images to exhibit a periodic variation along the pullback path. By extracting this signal attributed to the cardiac cycle, a subsequence of frames during pullback at the same phase of the cardiac cycle can be selected. The method was tested by the IVUS images of both a coronary phantom and a patient.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5035, Medical Imaging 2003: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, (23 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.479884
Show Author Affiliations
Hui Zhu, Duke Univ. (United States)
Kevin D. Oakeson, Duke Univ. (United States)
Morton H. Friedman, Duke Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5035:
Medical Imaging 2003: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing
William F. Walker; Michael F. Insana, Editor(s)

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