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Proceedings Paper

Temperature control in interstitial laser cancer immunotherapy
Author(s): Pradip K. Bandyopadhyay; Kyland Holmes; Corinthius Burnett; Vladimir P. Zharov
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Paper Abstract

Positive results of Laser-Assisted Cancer Immunotherapy (LACI) have been reported previously in the irradiation of superficial tumors. This paper reports the effect of LACI using laser interstitial therapy approach. We hypothesize that the maximum immuno response depends on laser induced tumor temperature. The measurement of tumor temperature is crucial to ensure necrosis by thermal damage and immuno response. Wister Furth female rats in this study were inoculated with 13762 MAT B III rat mammary adinocarcinoma. LACI started seven to ten days following inoculation. Contrary to surface irradation, we applied laser interstitial irradiation of tumor volume to maximize the energy deposition. A diode laser with a wavelength of 805 nm was used for tumor irradiation. The laser energy was delivered inside the tumor through a quartz fiber. Tumor temperature was measured with a micro thermocouple (interstitial), while the tumor surface temperature was controlled with an IR detector. The temperature feedback demonstrates that it is possible to maintain the average tumor temperature at the same level with reasonable accuracy in the desired range from 65°C-85°C. In some experiments we used microwave thermometry to control average temperature in deep tissue for considerable period of time, to cause maximum thermal damage to the tumor. The experimental set-up and the different temperature measurement techniques are reported in detail, including the advantages and disadvantages for each method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 August 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4961, Laser-Tissue Interaction XIV, (27 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.479835
Show Author Affiliations
Pradip K. Bandyopadhyay, Hendrix College (United States)
Kyland Holmes, Hendrix College (United States)
Corinthius Burnett, Univ. of Arkansas (United States)
Vladimir P. Zharov, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4961:
Laser-Tissue Interaction XIV
Donald Dean Duncan; Sean J. Kirkpatrick; Andres Kriete; Steven L. Jacques, Editor(s)

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