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Proceedings Paper

In situ changes in native fluorescence from Bacillus subtilis during
Author(s): Alvin Katz; Alexandra Alimova; Glenn Minko; Howard E. Savage; Daniel V. Will; Mahendra Shah; Richard B. Rosen; Robert R. Alfano
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Paper Abstract

Native fluorescence emission and excitation spectra were used to monitor changes in Bacillus subtilis (Bs) and Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) subjected to starvation conditions. Initially, the fluorescence spectra from the Bs and Sa was dominated by tryptophan emission. After the second day, a fluorescence band with an emission peak at 410 nm and an excitation peak at 345 nm appeared in the Bs. This emission is from dipicolinic acid, a major constituent of bacterial endospores. The dipicolinic acid intensity increased steadily during the next 2 to 4 days as the number of Bs forming spores increased. No dipicolinic acid signal was observed in the (non-spore forming) Sa. The addition of β-hydroxybutyric acid to either the Bs or Sa resulted in the emergence of a third band with very strong fluorescence emission maximum at 460 nm and with excitation maxima at 250, 270 and 400 nm. This 460 nm emission was quenched with the addition of Fe2+, indicating that the source of this emission is a siderophore produced by the bacteria.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 July 2003
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 4965, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing in Biomedicine III, (23 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.479189
Show Author Affiliations
Alvin Katz, Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, CUNY City College (United States)
Alexandra Alimova, Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, CUNY City College (United States)
Glenn Minko, Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, CUNY City College (United States)
Howard E. Savage, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary (United States)
Daniel V. Will, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary (United States)
Mahendra Shah, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary (United States)
Richard B. Rosen, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary (United States)
Robert R. Alfano, Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, CUNY City College (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4965:
Optical Diagnostics and Sensing in Biomedicine III
Alexander V. Priezzhev; Gerard L. Cote, Editor(s)

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