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Proceedings Paper

Mitigating ground clutter effects for mine detection with lightweight artificial dielectrics
Author(s): Robert Linnehan; Carey M. Rappaport
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Paper Abstract

Ground surface roughness is problematic when using a radar impulse to detect and locate land mines. Waves scatter from a random rough ground surface in unpredictable ways, contributing to clutter that is particularly hard to suppress. This clutter has proven experimentally and computationally to distort and obscure the desired scattered field from a buried target. To overcome this effect we have developed a lightweight, artificial dielectric that can be placed over a chosen area that will mimic flat ground and mitigate clutter effects. An artificial dielectric of close-packed array of small insulated metal-coated plastic spheres and lossless uniform plastic spheres can be formulated to match the dielectric properties soil. The ratio of these two spheres in the collection is adjusted to match a particular soil type and the moisture content. Placing them in a conformable bag and ensuring a flat upper interface with the air, ground reflections from an impulse radar can effectively be removed to reveal a target scattering signature. Furthermore, a matched filter can be used to distinguish between a landmine and a false alarm (such as a rock) The artificial dielectric was matched by running experiments in the frequency and time domains. A 1 GHz center frequency impulse ground penetrating radar was used to collect time signals and compare different cases: flat ground, rough ground and rough ground with artificial dielectric. Results indicate excellent rough surface reflection removal and target signal enhancement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 August 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4742, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets VII, (13 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.479097
Show Author Affiliations
Robert Linnehan, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Carey M. Rappaport, Northeastern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4742:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets VII
J. Thomas Broach; Russell S Harmon; Gerald J. Dobeck, Editor(s)

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