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Proceedings Paper

Thin film ferroelectrics: breakthrough
Author(s): Charles M. Hanson; Howard R. Beratan
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Paper Abstract

Now that commercial infrared is a well-established business with several serious competitors, the pressures for a competitive edge have increased dramatically. Hybrid barium strontium titanate (BST) ferroelectric detectors still provide the basis for the majority of systems being produced today, and tens of thousands of systems have been fielded. The system simplicity of these AC-coupled systems is not matchable by any other current technology, but the complexity of the detector fabrication process limits its potential for further substantial cost and performance improvements. DC-coupled VOx bolometers, currently the most popular technology among manufacturers, offer better sensitivity at somewhat greater cost. Although this technology has been heralded as the technology of the future, it is encumbered by a more complicated system architecture and by spatial noise, which limits the ability to take advantage of its greater sensitivity. Thin-film ferroelectric (TFFE) detectors promise to remove the cost and performance barriers that lie ahead of BST technology, while maintaining the low system cost and low spatial noise characteristic of AC-coupled systems. Until recently the promise has been elusive, but now real-world performance of the best of TFFE systems is competitive with the best of any other technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 August 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4721, Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays VII, (5 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.478837
Show Author Affiliations
Charles M. Hanson, Raytheon Commercial Infrared (United States)
Howard R. Beratan, Raytheon Commercial Infrared (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4721:
Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays VII
Eustace L. Dereniak; Robert E. Sampson, Editor(s)

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