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Proceedings Paper

Variability of infrared BRDF for military ground targets
Author(s): David J. Thomas; Roger Evans; Alicia Ruba
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Paper Abstract

Two characteristics are critical in the understanding of target signatures, physical surface temperature and surface reflectance. An objects surface reflectance can be thought of as having two major components, the diffuse and specular components. The best way to understand these components is by examining the Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF). The BRDF provides an understanding of the reflectance behavior of a surface from every incident angle and reflectance angle. With the BRDF one can provide an accurate computer model of how the material behaves. Databases of BRDF data are available for use in modeling and simulation of targets but are typically comprised of pristine samples that may not be representative of real world targets. This paper will provide methods, data and trends of the BRDF variability in the infrared regions. We will also explore appropriate data sets for use to represent typical fielded targets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 August 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4718, Targets and Backgrounds VIII: Characterization and Representation, (6 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.478811
Show Author Affiliations
David J. Thomas, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armament Command (United States)
Roger Evans, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (United States)
Alicia Ruba, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4718:
Targets and Backgrounds VIII: Characterization and Representation
Wendell R. Watkins; Dieter Clement; William R. Reynolds, Editor(s)

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