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Proceedings Paper

Medical diagnostics by laser-based analysis of exhaled breath
Author(s): Gianfranco Giubileo
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Paper Abstract

IMany trace gases can be found in the exhaled breath, some of them giving the possibility of a non invasive diagnosis of related diseases or allowing the monitoring of the disease in the course of its therapy. In the present lecture the principle of medical diagnosis based on the breath analysis will be introduced and the detection of trace gases in exhaled breath by high- resolution molecular spectroscopy in the IR spectral region will be discussed. A number of substrates and the optical systems for their laser detection will be reported. The following laser based experimental systems has been realised in the Molecular Spectroscopy Laboratory in ENEA in Frascati for the analysis of specific substances in the exhaled breath. A tuneable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) appartus for the measurement of 13C/12C isotopic ratio in carbon dioxide, a TDLAS apparatus for the detection of CH4 and a CO2 laser based photoacoustic system to detect trace ethylene at atmospheric pressure. The experimental set-up for each one of the a.m. optical systems will be shown and the related medical applications will be illustrated. The concluding remarks will be focuses on chemical species that are of major interest for medical people today and their diagnostic ability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 August 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4762, ALT'01 International Conference on Advanced Laser Technologies, (9 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.478654
Show Author Affiliations
Gianfranco Giubileo, ENEA (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4762:
ALT'01 International Conference on Advanced Laser Technologies

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