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Proceedings Paper

Robustness evaluation of transactional audio watermarking systems
Author(s): Christian Neubauer; Martin Steinebach; Frank Siebenhaar; Joerg Pickel
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Paper Abstract

Distribution via Internet is of increasing importance. Easy access, transmission and consumption of digitally represented music is very attractive to the consumer but led also directly to an increasing problem of illegal copying. To cope with this problem watermarking is a promising concept since it provides a useful mechanism to track illicit copies by persistently attaching property rights information to the material. Especially for online music distribution the use of so-called transaction watermarking, also denoted with the term bitstream watermarking, is beneficial since it offers the opportunity to embed watermarks directly into perceptually encoded material without the need of full decompression/compression. Besides the concept of bitstream watermarking, former publications presented the complexity, the audio quality and the detection performance. These results are now extended by an assessment of the robustness of such schemes. The detection performance before and after applying selected attacks is presented for MPEG-1/2 Layer 3 (MP3) and MPEG-2/4 AAC bitstream watermarking, contrasted to the performance of PCM spread spectrum watermarking.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 June 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5020, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents V, (20 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.477293
Show Author Affiliations
Christian Neubauer, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits (Germany)
Martin Steinebach, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Publication and Information Systems (Germany)
Frank Siebenhaar, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits (Germany)
Joerg Pickel, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5020:
Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents V
Edward J. Delp; Ping Wah Wong, Editor(s)

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