Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear feature extraction for MMW image classification: a supervised approach
Author(s): Guy T. Maskall; Andrew R. Webb
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

The specular nature of Radar imagery causes problems for ATR as small changes to the configuration of targets can result in significant changes to the resulting target signature. This adds to the challenge of constructing a classifier that is both robust to changes in target configuration and capable of generalizing to previously unseen targets. Here, we describe the application of a nonlinear Radial Basis Function (RBF) transformation to perform feature extraction on millimeter-wave (MMW) imagery of target vehicles. The features extracted were used as inputs to a nearest-neighbor classifier to obtain measures of classification performance. The training of the feature extraction stage was by way of a loss function that quantified the amount of data structure preserved in the transformation to feature space. In this paper we describe a supervised extension to the loss function and explore the value of using the supervised training process over the unsupervised approach and compare with results obtained using a supervised linear technique (Linear Discriminant Analysis --- LDA). The data used were Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) images of armored vehicles gathered at 94GHz and were categorized as Armored Personnel Carrier, Main Battle Tank or Air Defense Unit. We find that the form of supervision used in this work is an advantage when the number of features used for classification is low, with the conclusion that the supervision allows information useful for discrimination between classes to be distilled into fewer features. When only one example of each class is used for training purposes, the LDA results are comparable to the RBF results. However, when an additional example is added per class, the RBF results are significantly better than those from LDA. Thus, the RBF technique seems better able to make use of the extra knowledge available to the system about variability between different examples of the same class.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 July 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4726, Automatic Target Recognition XII, (25 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.477043
Show Author Affiliations
Guy T. Maskall, QinetiQ (United Kingdom)
Andrew R. Webb, QinetiQ (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4726:
Automatic Target Recognition XII
Firooz A. Sadjadi, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top