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Proceedings Paper

Improved target identification using synthetic infrared images
Author(s): Bruce A. Weber; Joseph A. Penn
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Paper Abstract

The performance of infrared (IR) target identification classifiers, trained on randomly selected subsets of target chips taken from larger databases of either synthetic or measured data, is shown to improve rapidly with increasing subset size. This increase continues until the new data no longer provides additional information, or the classifier can not handle the information, at which point classifier performance levels off. It will also be shown that subsets of data selected with advanced knowledge can significantly outperform randomly selected sets, suggesting that classifier training-sets must be carefully selected if optimal performance is desired. Performance will also be shown to be subject to the quality of data used to train the classifier. Thus while increasing training set size generally improves classifier performance, the level to which the classifier performance can be raised will be shown to depend on the similarity between the training data and testing data. In fact, if the training data to be added to a given set of training data is unlike the testing data, performance will often not improve and may possibly diminish. Having too much data can reduce performance as much as having too little. Our results again demonstrate that an infrared (IR) target-identification classifier, trained on synthetic images of targets and tested on measured images, can perform as well as a classifier trained on measured images alone. We also demonstrate that the combination of the measured and the synthetic image databases can be used to train a classifier whose performance exceeds that of classifiers trained on either database alone. Results suggest that it may be possible to select data subsets from image databases that can optimize target classifiers performance for specific locations and operational scenarios.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 July 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4726, Automatic Target Recognition XII, (25 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.477015
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce A. Weber, Army Research Lab. (United States)
Joseph A. Penn, Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4726:
Automatic Target Recognition XII
Firooz A. Sadjadi, Editor(s)

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