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Proceedings Paper

Defect printability of ArF alternative phase-shift mask: a critical comparison of simulation and experiment
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Paper Abstract

An alternative phase shift mask (alt-PSM) is a promising device for extending optical lithography to finer design rules. There have been few reports, however, on the mask's ability to identify phase defects. We report here an alt-PSM of a single-trench type with undercut for ArF exposure, with programmed phase defects used to evaluate defect printability by measuring aerial images with a Zeiss MSM193 measuring system. The experimental results are simulated using the TEMPEST program. First, a critical comparison of the simulation and the experiment is conducted. The actual measured topographies of quartz defects are used in the simulation. Moreover, a general simulation study on defect printability using an alt-PSM for ArF exposure is conducted. The defect dimensions, which produce critical CD errors, are determined by simulation that takes into account the full 3-dimensional structure of phase defects as well as a simplified structure. The critical dimensions of an isolated bump defect identified by the alt-PSM of a single-trench type with undercut for ArF exposure are 300 nm in bottom dimension and 74 degrees in height (phase) for the real shape, where the depth of wet-etching is 100 nm and the CD error limit is +/- 5 percent.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4754, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology IX, (1 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.476977
Show Author Affiliations
Ken Ozawa, Sony Corp. (Japan)
Tooru Komizo, Sony Corp. (Japan)
Hidetoshi Ohnuma, Sony Corp. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4754:
Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology IX
Hiroichi Kawahira, Editor(s)

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