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Proceedings Paper

Experimental and numerical studies of the effects of materials and attachment conditions on pellicle induced distortions in advanced photomasks
Author(s): Eric P. Cotte; Roxann L. Engelstad; Edward G. Lovell; Daniel Tanzil; Florence O. Eschbach; Emily Y. Shu
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Paper Abstract

Lithography registration errors induced by the attachment of soft pellicles on reticles can significantly affect wafer overlay performance for sub-100 nm lithography chip manufacturing. Intel Corporation and the University of Wisconsin have conducted an extensive study to identify the various sources of pellicle-induced distortions and methods for error reduction in order to meet advanced mask manufacturing requirements. In this study, pellicle attachment processes and system materials were evaluated to determine the effects on image placement accuracy. In particular, the in-plane distortions due to the pellicle attachment technique, pellicle frame flatness, frame adhesive, and environmental temperature were characterized. At Intel, pellicles were attached to a test reticle with a 21 X 21 array of grid points. Registration measurements were conducted before and after pellicle attachment using an optical distance metrology system. A comprehensive finite element model was developed at the University of Wisconsin to assess the contributions to pellicle-induced distortions from individual components of the pellicle system. Pellicle frame flatness, frame adhesive, and temperatures were measured and used as input to the finite element model. The correlation between simulation results and experimental data was excellent. Analyses were also performed to study pellicle mounting mechanisms and pellicle frame flatness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4754, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology IX, (1 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.476972
Show Author Affiliations
Eric P. Cotte, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Roxann L. Engelstad, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Edward G. Lovell, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Daniel Tanzil, Intel Corp. (United States)
Florence O. Eschbach, Intel Corp. (United States)
Emily Y. Shu, Intel Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4754:
Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology IX
Hiroichi Kawahira, Editor(s)

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