Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Broadcast quality 3840x2160 color imager operating at 30 frames/s
Author(s): Robert M. Iodice; Michael Joyner; Canaan Sungkuk Hong; David P. Parker
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

Both the active column sensor (ACS) pixel sensing technology and the PVS-Bus multiplexer technology have been applied to a color imaging array to produce an extraordinarily high resolution, color imager of greater than 8 million pixels with image quality and speed suitable for a broad range of applications including digital cinema, broadcast video and security/surveillance. The imager has been realized in a standard 0.5 μm CMOS technology using double-poly and triple metal (DP3M) construction and features a pixel size of 7.5 μm by 7.5 μm. Mask level stitching enables the construction of a high quality, low dark current imager having an array size of 16.2 mm by 28.8 mm. The image array aspect ratio is 16:9 with a diagonal of 33 mm making it suitable for HDTV applications using optics designed for 35 mm still photography. A high modulation transfer function (MTF) is maintained by utilizing micro lenses along with an RGB Bayer pattern color filter array. The frame rate of 30 frames/s in progressive mode is achieved using the PVS-Bus technology with eight output ports, which corresponds to an overall pixel rate of 248 M-pixel per second. High dynamic range and low fixed pattern noise are achieved by combining photodiode pixels with the ACS pixel sensing technology and a modified correlated double-sampling (CDS) technique. Exposure time can be programmed by the user from a full frame of integration to as low as a single line of integration in steps of 14.8 μs. The output gain is programmable from 0dB to +12dB in 256 steps; the output offset is also programmable over a range of 765 mV in 256 steps. This QuadHDTV imager has been delivered to customers and has been demonstrated in a prototype camera that provides full resolution video with all image processing on board. The prototype camera operates at 2160p24, 2160p30 and 2160i60.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 May 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5017, Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications IV, (16 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476779
Show Author Affiliations
Robert M. Iodice, Photon-Vision Systems, Inc. (United States)
Michael Joyner, Photon-Vision Systems, Inc. (United States)
Canaan Sungkuk Hong, Photon-Vision Systems, Inc. (United States)
David P. Parker, Photon-Vision Systems, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5017:
Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications IV
Nitin Sampat; Ricardo J. Motta; Morley M. Blouke; Nitin Sampat; Ricardo J. Motta, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top