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Proceedings Paper

Semi-active damping of large-space truss structures using friction joints
Author(s): Lothar Gaul; Hans Albrecht; Jan Wirnitzer
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Paper Abstract

The low structural damping of large space structures and the stringent positioning requirements in missions demand effective vibration suppression. The semi-active approach at hand is based on friction damping due to interfacial slip in semi-active joints which can be controlled by varying the normal pressure in the contact area using a piezo-stack actuator. This paper focuses on the modeling, identification and model reduction of a large space structure with semi-active joints. For the purpose of model identification and model reduction, the nonlinear friction forces transmitted in the joints are considered as external forces acting on the linear tress structure. Experimental Modal Analysis results are used to update the FE model of the truss structure and the parameters of the nonlinear friction model are identified from measured responses of an isolated joint. The model of the linear subsystem is reduced by a combination of balanced reduction and matching moments method. The modal truncation is based on controllability and observability gramians. To improve the fidelity locations conventional connections are replaced by adaptive joints, each with a local feedback controller for the adaptation of the normal force. Simulation results of a 10-bay truss structure with semi-active joints show the potential of the present approach.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4935, Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems, (14 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.476114
Show Author Affiliations
Lothar Gaul, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Hans Albrecht, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Jan Wirnitzer, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4935:
Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems
Erol C. Harvey; Derek Abbott; Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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