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Proceedings Paper

Ultrafast and large nonlinear optical response of excitons weakly confined in a semiconductor thin film
Author(s): Toshiro Isu; Koichi Akiyama; Nobuyuki Tomita; Yoshinori Nomura; Hajime Ishihara; Kikuo Cho
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Paper Abstract

We observe ultrafast and large nonlinear optical responses of a semiconductor thin film where excitons are weakly confined and their center-of-mass motion is quantized. The observed degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) signal of a GaAs double-hetero-structure layer exhibits an anomalous thickness-dependence, and is much enhanced at the thickness of 110nm. The decay time of the response is the order of ps, which depends on the thickness of the layer and on the number of the layer. These phenomena are elucidated by the theory of the nonlocal interaction between excitonic states and the light beyond the long wavelength approximation regime. The enhancement at the thickness is due to the size-resonant enhancement of the internal field with a nano-scale spatial structure, where the second quantized level of the exciton center-of-mass motion mainly contributes to the large response at the thickness. We, furthermore, demonstrate ultrafast response in a reflective type nonlinear polarization rotation switch with the 110nm thick three double-hetero. The signal intensity of 20% for the reflective pulse was obtained at a pump intensity of 10nJ/cm2, and the decay time is 1.5ps at low temperatures. These results provide a novel design of a semiconductor structure in order to obtain both large and ultrafast nonlinear response that is suitable for device application.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4992, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors VII, (30 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.475705
Show Author Affiliations
Toshiro Isu, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Koichi Akiyama, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Nobuyuki Tomita, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Yoshinori Nomura, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Hajime Ishihara, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Kikuo Cho, Osaka Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4992:
Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors VII
Kong-Thon F. Tsen; Jin-Joo Song; Hongxing Jiang, Editor(s)

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