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Proceedings Paper

Micro-lightwave circuits based on photonic crystal
Author(s): Hirohito Yamada; Masatoshi Tokushima; Masayuki Shirane
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Paper Abstract

Micro-lightwave circuit technologies based on photonic crystal slabs were studied to realize integrated photonic node circuits for use in photonic networks. First, a unique optical multi-exposure technique, which is suitable for drawing large-area, two-dimensional, photonic crystal lattice patterns, is introduced here. The relationship between the resolved pattern size and the light-beam wavelength used for exposure is also discussed. Next, a high-density optical interconnection technique with photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and Si channel waveguides is introduced. A low-loss connection structure for both waveguides and their low bending loss characteristics are also discussed. Furthermore, slab-type, photonic crystal-based optical devices, such as channel-drop filters and optical switches, for constructing the photonic node circuits were proposed and their characteristics investigated by FDTD simulations. A high wavelength resolution for the filters and extremely small switching power for the optical switches were predicted. Before fabricating the optical switches, directional couplers based on photonic-crystal slabs were fabricated and the basic properties of complementary power splitting to two output ports were demonstrated. These results strongly support the possibility of realizing integrated photonic node circuits with photonic crystals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4870, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications II, (11 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.475548
Show Author Affiliations
Hirohito Yamada, NEC Corp. (Japan)
Masatoshi Tokushima, NEC Corp. (Japan)
Masayuki Shirane, NEC Corp. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4870:
Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications II
Achyut Kumar Dutta; Abdul Ahad Sami Awwal; Niloy K. Dutta; Katsunari Okamoto, Editor(s)

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