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Proceedings Paper

Health monitoring of one-dimensional structures using empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert-Huang transform
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Paper Abstract

This paper discusses a new signal processing tool involving the use of empirical mode decomposition and its application to health monitoring of structures. Empirical mode decomposition is a time series analysis method that extracts a custom set of basis sets to describe the vibratory response of a system. In conjunction with the Hilbert Transform, the empirical mode decomposition method provides some unique information about the nature of the vibratory response. In this paper, the method is used to process time series data from a variety of one-dimensional structures with and without structural damage. Derived basis sets are then processed through the Hilbert-Huang Transform to obtain phase and damping information. This phase and damping information is later processed to extract the underlying incident energy propagating through the structure. This incident energy is also referred to as the dereverberated response of a structure. Using simple physics based models of one-dimensional structures, it is possible to determine the location and extent of damage by tracking phase properties between successive degrees of freedom. This paper presents results obtained on a civil building model. Results illustrate that this new time-series method is a powerful signal processing tool that tracks unique features in the vibratory response of structures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 July 2002
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 4701, Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (15 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.474653
Show Author Affiliations
Darryll J. Pines, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Liming W. Salvino, Naval Surface Warfare Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4701:
Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
L. Porter Davis, Editor(s)

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