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Proceedings Paper

Generic experimental cockpit for evaluating pilot assistance systems
Author(s): Helmut H. Toebben; Hans-Ullrich Doehler; Peter Hecker
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Paper Abstract

The workload of aircraft crews, especially during taxiing, take-off, approach and landing under adverse weather conditions has heavily increased due to the continuous growth of air traffic. New pilot assistance systems can improve the situational awareness of the aircrew and consequently increase the safety and reduce the workload. For demonstration and human factor evaluation of such new systems the DLR has built a Generic Experimental Cockpit Simulator equipped with a modern glass-cockpit collimated display. The Primary Flight Display (PFD), the human machine interface for an Advanced Flight Management System (AFMS), a Taxi Guidance System called Taxi and Ramp Management and Control (TARMAC) and an Enhanced Vision System (EVS) based on real time simulation of MMWR and FLIR sensors are integrated into the cockpit on high resolution TFT touch screens. The situational awareness is further enhanced by the integration of a raster/stroke capable Head-Up Display (HUD). It prevents the pilot's eye from permanent accommodation between the Head-Down Displays and the outside view. This contribution describes the technical implementation of the PFD, the Taxi Guidance System and the EVS onto the HUD. The HUD is driven by a normal PC, which provides the Arinc data for the stroke generator and the video signal for the raster image. The PFD uses the built-in stroke generator and is working under all operations. During taxi operations the cleared taxi route and the positions of other aircraft are displayed via raster. The images of the real time simulation of the MMWR and FLIR Sensors are presented via raster on demand. During approach and landing a runway symbol or a 3D wire frame database is shown which exactly matches the outside view and obstacles on the runway are highlighted. The runway position is automatically calculated from the MMWR Sensor as reported in previous contributions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 2002
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4713, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2002, (16 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.474433
Show Author Affiliations
Helmut H. Toebben, DLR (Germany)
Hans-Ullrich Doehler, DLR (Germany)
Peter Hecker, DLR (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4713:
Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2002
Jacques G. Verly, Editor(s)

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