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Proceedings Paper

Modeling of the human enamel laser ablation process at the mesoscopic scale
Author(s): Ana C. Vila Verde; Marta Maria Duarte Ramos; Ricardo Mendes Ribeiro; Marshall Stoneham
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Paper Abstract

A mesoscopic simulation of the process of human enamel laser ablation by Er:YAG and CO2 lasers is being developed using the finite element method, taking into account the complex structure and chemical composition of this material. A geometric model that allows studying in detail the temperature, stress and displacement distribution within a few enamel rods is presented. The heat generation that takes place inside the enamel at the centre of the laser spot, caused by a non-ablative laser pulse emitted by CO2 and Er:YAG lasers, was simulated. The sensitivity of our model to the estimated material parameters was studied. Temperature, displacement and stress distribution maps obtained for both lasers are presented. These preliminary results suggest that the temperature distribution across the enamel rods is different in the two situations considered; thermally induced stresses in the material are higher in the regions that are richer in hydroxyapatite (HA), and the higher displacements are observed in the regions that are rich in water. The rod tails inside enamel present higher stresses in the direction perpendicular to the surface of enamel than the ones that are created at the surface of our simulated structure. We conclude that the mesostructure plays a crucial role in the accurate modelling of dental laser ablation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 July 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4950, Lasers in Dentistry IX, (3 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.472874
Show Author Affiliations
Ana C. Vila Verde, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
Marta Maria Duarte Ramos, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
Ricardo Mendes Ribeiro, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
Marshall Stoneham, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4950:
Lasers in Dentistry IX
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried; Thomas Hennig, Editor(s)

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