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Proceedings Paper

Active vibration control of a smart pultruded fiber-reinforced polymer I-beam
Author(s): Gangbing Song; Pizhong Qiao; Vineet Sethi; A. Prasad
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Paper Abstract

Advanced and innovative materials and structures are increasingly used in civil infrastructure applications. By combining the advantages of composites and smart sensors and actuators, active or smart composite structures can be created and be efficiently adopted in practical structural applications. This paper presents results of active vibration control of a pultruded fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites thin-walled I-beams using smart sensors and actuators. The FRP I-beams are made of E-glass fibers and polyester resins. The FRP I-beam is in a cantilevered configuration. PZT (Lead zirconate titanate) type of piezoelectric ceramic patches are used as smart sensors and actuators. These patches are surface-bonded near the cantilevered end of the I-beam. Utilizing results from modal analyses and experimental modal testing, several active vibration control methods, such as position feedback control, strain rate feedback control and lead compensator, are investigated. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed methods achieve effective vibration control of FRP I-beams. For instance, the modal damping ratio of the strong direction first bending mode increases by more than 1000 percent with a positive position feedback control.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 June 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4696, Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways, (28 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.472555
Show Author Affiliations
Gangbing Song, Univ. of Akron (United States)
Pizhong Qiao, Univ. of Akron (United States)
Vineet Sethi, Univ. of Akron (United States)
A. Prasad, Univ. of Akron (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4696:
Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways
S.-C. Liu; Darryll J. Pines, Editor(s)

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