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Proceedings Paper

Preparation of high-aspect-ratio 70-nm patterns by supercritical drying technique in proximity x-ray lithography
Author(s): Yukiko Kikuchi; Takuya Fukuda; Seiichi Shishiguchi; Kaoru Masuda; Nobuyuki Kawakami
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Paper Abstract

Supercritical drying (sc-drying) was applied for the photoresist (resist) patterns replicated by proximity x-ray lithography. By that technique, 70 nm L/S patterns with the aspect ratio of 5 were successfully obtained without pattern collapse for both solvent and aqueous development resists by ZEP and UV6, respectively. The procedure was that a puddle developed 8 inch wafer was rinsed 3 times successively without spin drying by changing rinse liquids, and the wafer wet with the 3rd rinse solution which is soluble in supercritical CO2 was transferred to a sc-drying chamber. The sc-drying process was performed with a condition of 8 MPa and 55 degrees C for about 15 min. The process uniformity within a wafer was examined by measuring the pattern width of 100 nm L/S with the resist UVII-HS and it was quite satisfactory. The feasibility study of dry etching with the sc-dried resist was performed. No noticeable change was found in etching ratio between with/without sc-dried resist. The composition change of resist was also investigated by thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) and by molecular weight dispersion measurement, and no change was found after sc-drying. The sc-drying technique has high potential to be accepted in semiconductor device manufacturing process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2002
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4688, Emerging Lithographic Technologies VI, (1 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.472268
Show Author Affiliations
Yukiko Kikuchi, Association of Super-Advanced Electronics Technologies (Japan)
Takuya Fukuda, Association of Super-Advanced Electronics Technologies (Japan)
Seiichi Shishiguchi, Association of Super-Advanced Electronics Technologies (Japan)
Kaoru Masuda, Kobe Steel, Ltd. (Japan)
Nobuyuki Kawakami, Kobe Steel, Ltd. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4688:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies VI
Roxann L. Engelstad, Editor(s)

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