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Proceedings Paper

DNA-based high-density memory devices and biomolecular electronics at CSIO
Author(s): Lalit M. Bharadwaj; Amol P. Bhondekar; A. K. Shukla; Vijayender Bhalla; Ram P. Bajpai
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Paper Abstract

During the last half century the electronic components and computers have grown more and more powerful with the shrinking dimensions of transistors which is approaching 100nm with about a billion tiny devices working together on a single processor. The laws of quantum mechanics and limitations of materials and fabrication techniques restrict further reduction below 100nm. The most promising area is Biomolecular Electronics concerning design and fabrication of basic electronic components using biomolecules. Various organic polymers are being studied for visualization of individual molecular electronic wires and diode switches but we see enormous potential in use of DNA for such devices due to its inherent characteristics. This is because DNA can act as insulator semiconductor, conductor or superconductor depending upon the base sequence, length and orientation. The DNA can be coated selectively with metals with molecular level precision giving us capability to design molecular electronic components, such as, diode, triode, transistor, etc. This paper discusses the DNA based language developed by our group for coding and decoding any digital information in terms of DNA sequence. Basic arithmetical operations, such as, addition subtraction, multiplication, division and exponential have been defined in terms of DNA sequence and their validity has been demonstrated. Paper will also discuss our programme on study of DNA electrical behaviour in terms of sequence; length and orientation for development of biomolecular electronic components and for understanding DNA damaged chemistry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 2002
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4937, Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering, (14 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.471949
Show Author Affiliations
Lalit M. Bharadwaj, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (India)
Amol P. Bhondekar, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (India)
A. K. Shukla, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (India)
Vijayender Bhalla, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (India)
Ram P. Bajpai, Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4937:
Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering
Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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