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Proceedings Paper

Applications of high-Tc superconductors in optoelectronics
Author(s): Roman Sobolewski
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Paper Abstract

The discovery of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) has opened new opportunities for applications of superconductors in optoelectronics. The HTS perovskites represent a new class of solid-state materials, exhibiting many very interesting and potentially useful electronic, optical, and electro-optical properties. They also operate in the 30-80 K temperature range, where refrigeration is cheap and the parameters of semiconducting devices are optimal. A review of the substrate materials and deposition techniques suitable for fabrication of high- quality epitaxial HTS films for electronic and optoelectronic applications is given. Laser processing techniques of HTS films are presented, with a special emphasis put on the laser writing method, which enables definition of superconducting and nonsuperconducting regions in the same, epitaxial HTS film. Two possible approaches for the development of a complete optoelectronic system with the elements based on the HTS films and operational at liquid- nitrogen temperatures are presented. The first approach consists of manufacturing the devices made of conventional electro-optic materials and containing HTS transmission lines and electrodes. Design and properties of ultrafast HTS interconnects are discussed, and a new concept of the Mach-Zehnder-type YBa2Cu3O7-y-on-LiNbO3 optical modulator is introduced. The second, more futuristic approach, is to exploit contrasting properties of the oxygen-poor and oxygen-rich HTS phases to fabricate novel, monolithic devices. Recent experiments are discussed, which reveal intriguing optical properties of HTS films, and are most relevant for the development of all-HTS optoelectronic devices. Several practical devices, such as high-frequency modulators, ultrafast-pulse generators, and sensitive photodetectors will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1991
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 1510, Chemical and Medical Sensors, (1 September 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.47146
Show Author Affiliations
Roman Sobolewski, Univ. of Rochester (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1510:
Chemical and Medical Sensors
Otto S. Wolfbeis, Editor(s)

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