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Proceedings Paper

SHADOW: a new welding technique
Author(s): Thorsten Kramer; Alexander M. Olowinsky; Friedrich Durand
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Paper Abstract

The new welding technique 'SHADOW ' is introduced. SHADOW means the use of a single pulse to generate a quasi continuous weld of several millimeters in length. HET processing time is defined by the pulse duration of the pulsed laser. At present, a state-of-the-art laser is capable of a maximum pulse duration of 20 ms. The variation of the laser power depend on time is a vital capability of the pulsed laser to adapt the energy deposition into the workpiece. Laser beam welds of several watch components were successfully performed. Similar metals like crowns and axes made out of stainless steel have been welded using pulsed laser radiation. Applying a series of about 130 single pulses for the crown-axis combination the total energy accumulates to 19.5 J. The use of the SHADOW welding technique reduces the energy to 2.5 J. While welding dissimilar metals like stainless steel and bras, the SHADOW welding reduces drastically the contamination as well as the distortion. Laser beam welding of copper has a low process reliability due to the high reflection and the high thermal conductivity. SHADOW welds of 3.6 mm length were performed on 250 micrometers thick copper plates with very high reproducibility. As a result, a pilot plant for laser beam welding of copper plates has been set up. The work to be presented has partly been funded by the European Commission in a project under the contract BRPR-CT-0634.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 June 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4637, Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics, (18 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.470664
Show Author Affiliations
Thorsten Kramer, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Lasertechnik (Germany)
Alexander M. Olowinsky, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Lasertechnik (Germany)
Friedrich Durand, SMH Automation (Switzerland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4637:
Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics
Jan J. Dubowski; Willem Hoving; Koji Sugioka; Malcolm C. Gower; Richard F. Haglund; Alberto Pique; Frank Traeger; Jan J. Dubowski; Willem Hoving, Editor(s)

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