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Proceedings Paper

Speckle image properties in optical coherence tomography
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Paper Abstract

Most identification of tissues in OCT images has relied on the presence or absence of features and layers. However, in some pathologies as well as some normal tissues OCT images appear homogeneous. Examination of these images reveals that they display a characteristic repetitive structure due to speckle. Since speckle is influenced by the local index of refraction mismatches, it may be possible to differentiate between different types of tissues based on analysis of the speckle pattern. The determination of tissue type may be supported as well by local contrast distribution analysis or speckle decorrelation degree, which are widely used in measurement and characterization of surface roughness. In this study we examined three areas: 1) the application of speckle theory based on surface roughness to a three- dimensional media and a short coherence length light source, 2) the effect that the optical system design has on the received speckle distribution, and the optimum optical system geometry for speckle analysis, and 3) the speckle properties of OCT images of tissue phantoms and various tissues such as fat and muscle. Results obtained from two methods of speckle analysis (texture analysis and speckle contrast) were compared for their ability to differentiate between tissue types.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4619, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI, (14 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.470462
Show Author Affiliations
Tomasz S. Tkaczyk, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Kirk W. Gossage, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Jennifer Kehlet Barton, Univ. of Arizona (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4619:
Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI
Valery V. Tuchin; Joseph A. Izatt; James G. Fujimoto, Editor(s)

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