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Proceedings Paper

High-Q whispering-gallery mode sensor in liquids
Author(s): Jay L. Nadeau; Vladimir S. Ilchenko; Dmitri Kossakovski; Gregory H. Bearman; Lute Maleki
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Paper Abstract

Optical sensing of biomolecules on microfabricated glass surfaces requires surface coatings that minimize nonspecific binding while preserving the optical properties of the sensor. Microspheres with whispering-gallery (WG) modes can achieve quality factor (Q) levels many orders of magnitude greater than those of other WG-based microsensors: greater than 1010 in air, and greater than 109 in a variety of solvents, including methanol, H2O and phosphate buffered saline (PBS). The presence of dyes that absorb in the wavelength of the WG excitation in the evanescent zone can cause this Q value to drop by almost 3 orders of magnitude. Silanization of the surface with mercapto-terminal silanes is compatible with high Q (>109), but chemical cross-linking of streptavidin reduces the Q to 105-106 due to build-up of a thick, irregular layer of protein. However, linkage of biotin to the silane terminus preserves the Q at a ~2x107 and yields a reactive surface sensitive to avidin-containing ligands in a concentration-dependent manner. Improvements in the reliability of the surface chemistry show promise for construction of an ultrasensitive biosensor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 2002
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4629, Laser Resonators and Beam Control V, (6 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.469488
Show Author Affiliations
Jay L. Nadeau, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Vladimir S. Ilchenko, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Dmitri Kossakovski, Oewaves, Inc. (United States)
Gregory H. Bearman, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Lute Maleki, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4629:
Laser Resonators and Beam Control V
Alexis V. Kudryashov, Editor(s)

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