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Proceedings Paper

Nanostructured fluorescent particles for glucose sensing
Author(s): Patrick S. Grant; Ming Fang; Yuri Lvov; Michael J. McShane
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Paper Abstract

Self-assembled thin films containing embedded enzymes and fluorescent indicators are being developed for use as highly specific glucose biosensors. The sensors are fabricated using electrostatic Layer-by-Layer (LBL) adsorption to create oxygen-sensitive (Ruthenium-based) layers, the fluorescent intensity of which responds to changes in local oxygen levels. Oxygen is consumed locally by the reaction between glucose oxidase (GOx) molecules and glucose. Latex particles serve as the templates for our sensors and fabrication is carried out through the alternate adsorption of multiple levels of {GOx/polycation} and {Ruthenium-polycation/polyanion} bilayers. Additional fluorescence layers as well as fluorescent latex are being considered as internal intensity references to allow ratiometric monitoring. Films adsorbed to the nanoparticle templates are being studied to understand the fundamental chemical and optical properties, including enzymatic activity, spectral shape and emission intensity. Enzymatic activity is retained and stability is improved after adsorption, and increased surface area afforded by the particles allows use of increased numbers of molecules. Fluorescence is also maintained, though blue shifts are observed in emission spectra, and indicator activity remains. In vitro characterization studies demonstrate the feasibility of the particles as glucose biosensors, and future work will aim to optimize the response for neural monitoring.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4624, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing of Biological Fluids and Glucose and Cholesterol Monitoring II, (23 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.468326
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick S. Grant, Louisiana Tech Univ. (United States)
Ming Fang, Louisiana Tech Univ. (United States)
Yuri Lvov, Louisiana Tech Univ. (United States)
Michael J. McShane, Louisiana Tech Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4624:
Optical Diagnostics and Sensing of Biological Fluids and Glucose and Cholesterol Monitoring II
Alexander V. Priezzhev; Gerard L. Cote, Editor(s)

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