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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of Geiger mode avalanche photodiodes for fluorescence decay measurements
Author(s): John Carlton Jackson; Don Phelan; Alan P. Morrison; R. Michael Redfern; Alan Mathewson
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Paper Abstract

Geiger mode avalanche photodiodes (APD) can be biased above the breakdown voltage to allow detection of single photons. Because of the increase in quantum efficiency, magnetic field immunity, robustness, longer operating lifetime and reduction in costs, solid-state detectors capable of operating at non-cryogenic temperatures and providing single photon detection capabilities provide attractive alternatives to the photomultiplier tube (PMT). Shallow junction Geiger mode APD detectors provide the ability to manufacture photon detectors and detector arrays with CMOS compatible processing steps and allows the use of novel Silicon-on-Insulator(SoI) technology to provide future integrated sensing solutions. Previous work on Geiger mode APD detectors has focused on increasing the active area of the detector to make it more PMT like, easing the integration of discrete reaction, detection and signal processing into laboratory experimental systems. This discrete model for single photon detection works well for laboratory sized test and measurement equipment, however the move towards microfluidics and systems on a chip requires integrated sensing solutions. As we move towards providing integrated functionality of increasingly nanoscopic sized emissions, small area detectors and detector arrays that can be easily integrated into marketable systems, with sensitive small area single photon counting detectors will be needed. This paper will demonstrate the 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional simulation of optical coupling that occurs in Geiger mode APDs. Fabricated Geiger mode APD detectors optimized for fluorescence decay measurements were characterized and preliminary results show excellent results for their integration into fluorescence decay measurement systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4650, Photodetector Materials and Devices VII, (21 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.467676
Show Author Affiliations
John Carlton Jackson, Univ. College Cork (Ireland)
Don Phelan, National Univ. of Ireland/Galway (Ireland)
Alan P. Morrison, Univ. College Cork (Ireland)
R. Michael Redfern, National Univ. of Ireland/Galway (Ireland)
Alan Mathewson, Univ. College Cork (Ireland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4650:
Photodetector Materials and Devices VII
Gail J. Brown; Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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